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Biography of Xerxes Born in c.519 BC, of the parents King Darius and his wife Atossa came Xerxes.He was raised in the lavish opulence of an eastern court and became the designated heir to his father”s throne in which he was to rule over the greatest empire of his time for 21 years.
Herodotus also explained that the Spartans were different from other Greeks in the way they allocated roles or duties to women especially the royal women (Martin, 2010: Appendix A-G). In book two Herodotus also exposes his mastery of other fields including geology, botany, and zoology especially of his excursions to Egypt.
HERODOTUS. i. INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORIES. Philologists of Hellenistic times divided Herodotus’s opus magnum into nine books and subdivided these into chapters.The Histories cannot be characterized perfectly according to modern principles of literary genre, because such genera did not yet exist in Herodotus’s time.
Likely because The Histories was the widest-ranging attempt to document past events that had been undertaken up to that time, the Latin writer Cicero (106-43 B.C.E.) called Herodotus the Father of History. The Histories is “a timeless masterpiece,” says one modern writer.“In it dwells not only history but anthropology, geography, theology, philosophy, political science, and tragic drama.”.
Historiography - Historiography - Greek historiography: Greek historiography originated in the activities of a group of writers whom the Greeks called logographoi (“logographers”). Logography was the prose compilation of oral traditions relating to the origins of towns, peoples, and places. It combined geographical with cultural information and might be seen as an early form of cultural.
Herodotus (484-425 BCE) the Greek historian who wrote extensively on the Persian Empire, here describes Persian customs as they would have been practiced around the year 430 BCE at Susa and other Persian communities. The passage, from Book I of his Histories, is interesting in the way Herodotus contrasts the behavior and values of the Persians with those of the Greeks, with the Persians.